Effective dental injury management in athletes

It is common knowledge that all sports carry a certain risk of injury and, depending on the physical activity being done, these injuries can affect different areas of the body....

Read More

The epic tale of the British and Irish Lions

Posted in Sports

The epic tale of the British and Irish Lions

The fact is that when the might of England, Scotland and Wales is combined, a formidable team is born, one that is so strong it is capable of competing for every position. The British and Irish Lions are one of the most famous and celebrated teams in the world of rugby. In 2017, this rugby union will play New Zealand in their own backyard. This tour will see the British and Irish Lions play 10 matches and the Lions are looking forward to winning their first test series against the All Blacks. But aren’t you curios to find out what lead to the first overseas tour? If the answer is yes, then you should continue reading this article.

The idea

During the winter of 1888, Alfred Shaw and Arthur Shrewsbury came up with the idea of an English team playing rugby in the southern colonies. Nonetheless, when they approached the Rugby Football Union with this idea, they were refused. The refusal to patronize the rugby team was quite typical of the conservationism of the time. But why did the RFU refused their patronage? Well, the explanation was that the team was organised to the benefit of individual promoters, who were not exactly under the protection of any recognised sporting body. Therefore, there was no reason to interfere with the project as long as the players and the promoters resumed to an amateur game.

The first tour

The British Isles made its way to the shores of Australia New Zealand in 1888 with a squad made up of 23 players from England, Scotland and Wales. The team participated in 35 matches, winning only 27 of them. It is needless to say that there was nothing amateurish about this number of games. The team was powerful enough to give a great account of itself and to give Australia and New Zealand an indication of their strength. They further played a series of 18 games, but the results were not as good. These matches were undertaken for making money for promoters who were underwriting the costs.

1900 – 1989

In 1904, the British and Irish Lions team travelled once again to Australia and New Zealand. This time the tourists devastated everything, winning each single game against the Australian teams. In 1910 they went on tour to South Africa, moment which marked the official beginning of the tours. However, it was not until 1927 that they visited Australia again. Even though they lost a test, they managed to win five out of the six non-test games. The renaissance of the British and Irish Lions team centred around the skilled halfback Gareth Edwards, the greatest Lion in history.

2001 – 2013

In 2001, the 10 game tour to Australia, the Wallabies won the test series 2-1. This series saw the Tom Richards Trophy Award. The 2005 tour saw a massive defeat in all three tests, not to mention that in 209 the Lions performed disappointingly at the World Cup. In 2013, they toured Australia with Andy Irvine as tour manager.

Read More »

Essential attributes for a 5-a-side goalkeeper

Posted in Sports

Essential attributes for a 5-a-side goalkeeper


Surprising or not, in 5-a-side football the goalkeeper account for 60% of the success of the entire team. No matter how long you would like to debate on this topic, the fact is that the goalkeeper has the most important position on the field. The goalkeeper is the last one in the defence line, the guardian of the gate through which the ball should not pass. As long as the goalkeeper does his job right, he is a hero. However, if the goalkeeper lets the ball pass, then the game is lost. God goalkeeping takes a lot of years of dedication combined with practice and all good goalkeepers share a certain set of skills. If you are single player and are looking to join a team within London football leagues, then you should evaluate your skills.


When playing in goal your positioning is essential. If you are in a good position, then it will look as if any attempt of the opposition is going to be straight you. In order to ensure a good positioning is to know at all times where the ball is. While this piece of advice may seem obvious, knowing where your body is in relation to the goal posts is the only way in which you can ensure that you take up the optimum position and create the perfect angle for making the target as small as possible. When the attacker is approaching, you should try to imagine a direct line from the centre of the goal to the attacker and the ball. Next, move along this line either towards or away from the attacker to the right distance so that you will be able to cover all the “paths” to the goal within a step or two.


As you probably know, 5-a-side football is nothing like 11-a-side football. To be more precise, there is a lot more action going on due to the smaller format. Players can and will shoot from practically anywhere. On the average, players can shoot 13 shots per minute game. In 11-a-side football only a couple of them are on target, leaving you with many quitter moments, but not the same thing occurs in 5-a-side. There is not a single minute in which you are not called to action. Taking into consideration this fanatic nature of the game, you do not have any time for relaxing. 5-a-side is just as exhausting for the goalkeeper as it is for all the other players, which means that you have to be alert all the time, constantly repositioning yourself.

Team work spirit

Despite the importance that is assigned to every player, it is still necessary that the team should retain some degree of flexibility. As a goalkeeper, you should be able to communicate effectively with your teammates, namely in a clear and helpful way. If you are not able to communicate effectively, then you will have to handle shots before they are taken. This basically involves that you make sure that they do not switch off and that they pick up the opposition players. The bottom line is that you do not want your teammates to leave the other team shooting opportunities.

Read More »

The role of physiotherapy in managing and preventing sports injuries

Posted in Sports Health

The role of physiotherapy in managing and preventing sports injuries

Sports injuries are the ones responsible for disabling a number of athletes for games, entire seasons and even careers. Sports injuries are the main downside of sport and even though they do not occur frequently, they can outweigh the health and psychological benefits of participating in a sport. Injuries like muscle sprains and fractures most commonly take place during organised competitions, training exercises and fitness activities. This means that not only athletes are in danger of suffering major traumas, but amateurs as well. Fortunately, there are health professionals that deal with daily management of physical harm in the shortest time possible. Gold Coast physio and sports health professionals play an important part in the rehabilitation process because they have an in-depth understanding of each sport, so that they are able to treat effectively and come up with prevention strategies that significantly decreases the risk of sustaining a serious injury.

The most common sports injuries

Physical therapist handle numerous sports injuries, such as:

  • muscle strains
  • ligament strains
  • dislocations
  • swollen muscles,
  • knee injuries,
  • dislocations
  • fractures

Each sport carries its own risk of injury for both the athlete and the amateur. The aforementioned injuries can be caused by poor training, inadequate warm-up and lack of conditioning. It is not uncommon for those who practice sports, such as tennis, to develop inflammation in the inner side of the elbow. These injuries should be addressed as soon as possible in order to keep the patient safe.

Difference between acute and chronic injury

There are two kinds of injuries related to sports: acute and chronic. Acute injuries occur in the course of physical exercise and exercising. Examples of acute injuries include strained backs and fractured hands. There are also some warning signs that everyone should be aware of, like sudden, severe pain, inflammation and muscle weakness. On the other hand, chronic injuries take place after playing a sport or exercising for a long period of time and they are accompanied by warning signs, such as pain while playing/exercising, aching and swelling.

What to do in the case of an injury

The worst course of action for anyone would be to deal with the pain. Ideally, the person should stop exercising the moment they feel pain. Exercising will only cause more harm and treating the injury at home is not a safe option. Coping with injuries requires physical rehabilitation, which implies rebuilding strength and movement in the affected area. So, someone who develops severe pain, swelling and numbness should go visit a sports medicine clinic immediately. Such clinics are open to the general public as well, so that everyone receives the same treatment as athletes do. In addition to rehabilitation treatment, the patient is provided access to fitness facilities, such as heated indoor hydrotherapy pools and saunas.

The first physiotherapy visit

The role of physiotherapy in managing and preventing sports injuries_1

Since the physical therapist in an expert in the musculoskeletal field, he is capable of leading the rehabilitation process. During the first encounter, the patient is asked specific questions about the activity that lead to the injury, medical history and other similar data. What follows is a thorough physical evaluation and examination of the affected area. The screening program supposes a variety of sport specific exercises and movements that are designed to identify injury factors. Areas of the muscular weakness are highlighted as well as sub-optimal movements. Based on the results of this initial evaluation, the needs of the patient and their goals, the therapist formulates a treatment plan. What is important to mention is that the patient has an active role in the decision making regarding the type of intervention that they will receive. The treatment methods are continually reviewed and, if needed modified, so as to maximise the patient’s recovery.


In order to treat acute injuries or to improve mobility, the health care professional make use of joint, nerve and soft tissue mobilisations that are underpinned by a scientific base. The rehabilitation of the injured person is carefully evaluated on a daily basis. The normal healing process follows a pattern of acute phase, subacute phase and chronic phase. The fact is that each phase implies a different approach and it is the responsibility of the physical therapist. The health care professional may include one of the following general treatments:

  • Ice pack application

Ice pack application is most commonly prescribed for acute sports injuries to minimise the pain and swelling. The ice pack with towel is applied to the affected area for about 20 minutes.

  • Massage

Massage therapy, or soft tissue mobilisation, is generally used in order to relax tight muscles, decrease swelling and relieve pain. If the tight muscles loosen, the patient will have a better range of motion.

  • Strengthening

Strengthening exercises are important for achieving independence in movement. They help the patient maintain the power of uninjured areas and improve the strength of the weakened muscles.

These treatments are not exclusive, which means that there are many more options the therapist will employ based on specific problems.

Injury prevention

Similar to any other kind of therapy, physical therapy involves educating the patient. What happens is that the patient is taught how to prevent further injury in the area. For instance, he will be shown methods that can heal the injured part, such as the use of heat and ice. However, the work of the physical therapist is not limited to these basic tips. The therapist will further teach how proper ergonomics will reduce strain. Therefore, seeing a physical therapist prior to an injury becoming severe is highly beneficial.

Read More »